Thursday, May 21, 2020
Literature Review The Literature Review represents relevant literature and theories which this research focuses on. Social media is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the use of technology combined with social interaction to create or co-create valueÃ¢â¬ (Jantsch, 2008). It is an emerging channel for marketing around the globe. In the modern days where social media is widely used, what needs to be communicated to the customers is, in a way, determined by them (Kietzmann, Hermkens, McCarthy, amp; Silvestre, 2011, p. 242). This means corporations have become less powerful in controlling the flow of communication even about their brands. The sharing of tweets, Facebook posts, blogs, videos, pictures etc. among the public shapes the brand image of a corporationÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Even though these are intended for Credit Unions, they can be applied for all organizations. 1) Being Social Ã¢â¬â More emphasis on interaction among the social media followers or subscribers can promote the value of a brand. She supports the opinion of Nancy Dibert who said that focusing on social interaction beyond the pro motion of the products and services can be more crucial to the success of the social media communication strategy. Whether it is following others based on specific characteristics on Twitter or commenting on othersÃ¢â¬â¢ posts on Facebook, being social online can bring followers and enhance the network of a brand. 2) Having a clear goal Ã¢â¬â Featherstone is of the opinion that setting precise goals is crucial before starting a social media channel. She goes with Ã¢â¬ËAsking questionsÃ¢â¬â¢ to the target audience prior in the form of polls and questionnaires which can be useful in understanding what the customers are looking for. This may ultimately be helpful in formulating the social media goals of the organization. 3) Using polls and blogs Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"People want to be heardÃ¢â¬ , says Featherstone (2012, p. 26). There should be a platform for the target audience to have a conversation with the organization and polls and blogs can do wonderful jobs in this regard. Once a conversation is started, the customers will feel special and can provide valuable information on the services that are lacking in the marketing which can beShow MoreRelatedA Literature Review On Social Media Communication1121 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA Literature Review on Social Media Communication The use of social media and social networking sites is very popular in terms of communication in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. That being said, many people now question social media, wondering if its use for communicating is more positive or more negative. In this paper, both sides of the matter will be examined and research found will be presented for each viewpoint. Basically, the paper will provide both the positive aspects of this type of communication, asRead MoreSexual Crimes Committed Against Wsv Victims764 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe public display of sexual crimes committed against WSV victims has yet another aspect to compound the consequences of their rape and captivity. The associated media articles, almost always very detailed in nature, arouse issues in regards to the cultural notions of honor. In honor-based societies, such as the Yezidi community and many communities in Nigeria, women and girls carry a heavy burden of upholding the honor of the family, clan and tribe. One w ay in which honor is lost is through sexualRead MoreMarketing Campaign For The Product Of Coca Cola1315 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesanalyse of digital makerting campaign for the product, such as the diet coke, zero coke and regular coke. The marketing campaign is called Ã¢â¬Å"share a cokeÃ¢â¬ for the product of Coca-Cola. In addition, this report will analyse the publishing social media and commuity social meida and will consider whether the campaign was successful in trem of two criteria for the analysis of marketing campaign the sales growth and increase in the proximity to the customer. This report will talk with the about Brand valueRead MoreAdvances And Development Of Tourism : A Literature Of Review1476 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAdvances of Technology in Tourism: A Literature of Review Introduction Technologies have influenced the growth and development of tourism industry in many ways. The issue that will be covered in this literature review is the advances of technology in tourism. The purpose of this literature review will explore the major opportunities for tourism service providers. The literature gathered from a variety of resources in particular areas of Internet and social media, innovation of technology in multimediaRead MoreTechnology Devices Can Enhance Social Development For Children Essay1491 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPurpose: The purpose of this literature review is to determine whether technology devices can enhance social development for children in schools. This literature review summarises peer and non-peer reviewed literature nationally and internationally. I mainly researched data bases from Porirua Library. Outline: This literature review summarises peer and non-peer reviewed literature nationally and internationally. I mainly researched data bases from Porirua Library. Literature was gained from the internetRead MoreHow Do Wechat Affect Consumer Purchasing Behaviour On Beauty Products1100 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages1. Introduction Nowadays, social media and Internet became part of daily life. People spend more and more time going online. Many daily activities shifted to online, for example, online shopping, communicate with friends or relatives via social media or messaging app, share feelings and thoughts on social media platforms etc. In this paper, the aim is to investigate how do WeChat affect the consumer purchasing behaviour on beauty products in China. In 2013, China surpassed US to become the biggestRead MoreEssay about Social Medias Affect on Mixed Martial Arts1686 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction In this research proposal, we aim to discuss the role social media has on the growth of Mixed Martial Arts. This study was chosen because there is no getting around the fact that social media has changed the way we communicate and interact. The biggest change is the sheer number of people using social media websites and the interaction with each other. The genre of MMA was chosen because it is a relatively new sport, but despite that, it has been gaining grave amounts of publicityRead MoreDetermining The Data Collection Tools823 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesto an understanding of the case, and answers the research questions. An important point of the case study method involves using multiple data collection; interviews, document reviews, collection of physical artifacts, and archival records. The data collection method the researcher will use in this study is document review. Step 6: Determine the data collection tools. During the design phase of case study research, the researcher determines what approaches to use in selecting single or multipleRead MoreAnalysis Of Justin Bieber s Release Of Purpose : The Movement1029 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLiterature Review This paper will examine relevant literature that can be applied to the wide-ranging Twitter responses to Justin BieberÃ¢â¬â¢s release of Purpose: The Movement. The literature review will provide an overview of parasocial interaction theory, celebrity worship, and the involvement of social media in these areas. Following the review of relevant literature will be a list of research questions to guide future study in this field. Parasocial Interaction Parasocial interaction (PSI) isRead MoreHow Social Media Has Impacted Politics Essay1738 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction and Background Social media has become a major part of communication today. It has changed the way people find each other, share interest and ideas, not to mention how it has changed how companies advertise and communicate with their customers. Based on this year alone, social media has impacted politics in a major way. The goal was to reach the young generation by engaging in social media platforms by simply posting, commenting and video sharing . Social networking sites has mobilized
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Economic growth refers to an increase in the capacity for an economy to produce goods and services as compared from one period of time to another. It can be measured either in nominal terms which include inflation, or in real terms that are adjusted for inflation. It is mainly influenced by unemployment, inflation, technology levels, rate of investment, population growth rate, among other factors. These factors are used further to explain the differences in the varying level of output per capita between and among countries, and explain why some countries are economically growing faster than others. These factors are best represented in both the theoretical and empirical forms through the neoclassical endogenous growth models (Steil, 2013, n.p.). Economic growth revolves around business cycle which include the following phases; depression, growth or expansion, boom and recession. During economic downfalls such as recession and depression phases, it is evident that aggregate demand for both goods and services might be insufficient thus leading to unnecessarily high unemployment rates, low investments and potential losses of economic output. At this phase the economy of a country goes down as some of the investments and savings are used to cater for other basic necessities. Inflation also pins down the growth further as the purchasing power of the current level of income is greatly reduced. As explained by the IS/LM model in the general theory by John Hicks, there are someShow MoreRelatedEconomic Development And Economic Growth915 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesagenda? High and sustainable economic growth is the main condition for the sustainability of economic development and increase prosperity. As the population increases each year, the consumption is also increasing. Further more, demand, supply and population growth also require employment growth as a new source of income, because if not so then economic growth will lead to poverty. Many economics literatures review the correlation between income inequality and economic growth and the results show thatRead MoreEconomic Growth And Economic Development1177 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEconomic growth and Economic Development is of the highest priority in regards to a well-functioning sovereign state. Economic growth powers an economy through the stability ensured by equilibrium in the circular flow of money accompanied by: growing international competitiveness in a globalised market, increase in real GDP through the appropriate allocation of resources most suited to the expansion of the economy, increa se in aggregate demand and increased efficiency in the economy. Stagnation orRead MoreEconomic Development And Economic Growth1664 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEconomic development has the potential to transform regions as it creates an enabling environment for economic growth. Economic development is also associated with expanding the capacity of individuals and communities to maximize the use of their available resources. The extent of economic growth depends on the type of the additional products that the economy produces from its investment projects. It has been an instrumental aspect in the growth of Cincinnati. Cincinnati is comprised of a diverseRead MoreEconomic Growth And Economic Development915 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEconomic development is the development of economic wealth of countries, regions or communities for the well-being of their inhabitants. From a policy perspective, economic development can be defined as efforts that seek to improve the economic well-being and quality of life for a community by creating and/or retaining jobs and supporting or growing incomes and the tax base. Overview There are significant differences between economic growth and economic development. The term economic growth refersRead MoreEconomic Growth And Economic Development2287 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesIn Asia, the economic growth has been phenomenal and the deepening of economic integration and larger trade volumes have led to both developed and developing nations to experience steady economic growth, especially at 10.1% in 2007 (ADB, 2015). Nevertheless, especially with ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s economic slowdown, the Asian region is facing problems such as decrease in labor force, labor productivity, and overall trade growth (ADB Report, 2015). In order to consolidate economic integration of the region, the ASEANRead MoreEconomic Growth And Economic Development1328 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEconomic growth is an economic term to describe an increase in a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s national earnings of wealth, or the growth of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (Swanenberg,2005). The measurement of economic growth is poss ible that the change in national income in comparison to the numbers held by the year before. In the world today, economic growth is one of the ways to determine how successful is the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economic activity (Swanenberg, 2005). This is explained by the fact that economic growth reflectsRead MoreEconomic Growth and Development1547 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH Economic development and growth may not be the same thing depending on how growth rate is affecting the countrys socio-economic development. However important and well known theories of macro-economic suggest that if markets are left on their own, people will improve their socio-economic wellbeing automatically as the result of better economic growth rate of the country. In other words, financial liberalization automatically leads to socio-economic uplift as suggestedRead MoreEconomic Growth and Development2951 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagescountry? Surveys are made and reports being churned out that state the economic growth of a nation. Does the rate of this economic growth a true indicator in this regard? If that is true why is it then that even in the 21st century decades after the industrialization and years after globalization the proportion of developed countries to under-developed countries is still wide enough? The answer lies in the economic development of these countries. If the gross domestic product or national incomeRead MoreEconomic Growth and Development1990 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT Introduction Economies grow and develop, they expand and advance, and they progress and prosper. There are phases when they decline too, and there are economies that experience continuous decay. If one considers long stretches of human history, one knows that economies (civilizations) disappeared altogether. We will not take into account such long stretches of time. We shall not consider too distant a past either. We will leave them to historians, may be, economicRead MoreThe Economic Growth And Development864 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCurrently, the economic growth and development is improving the performance of the New Zealanders that has over the past 30 years made them part of the global market. This requires that Lush improve its performance in relation to standardisation. This demands that it balances its character of its products to maintain a local and international consumer appeal. This is important based on evidence from firms selling luxuries in the Chinese market where maintaining brand c onsistency has been core (Liu
string(54) " staff on what are acceptable criterions of behavior\." Executive Summary Every successful organisation Ã¢â¬Ës basic strengths are its people working in it. Therefore every organisation tries to do their employees happy by giving them calling chances, good environment, civilization, personal development and promotion. In this study, we have performed a careful analysis of the people working of the taking Bankss in Pakistan ; Standard Chartered Bank Standard Chartered is a London-based Multi-national Bank focused on the emerging markets of Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Latin America. We will write a custom essay sample on Behind the success of every organization there is a hand of its employees. or any similar topic only for you Order Now It has important operations in Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, India, Pakistan, and the United Arab Emirates and in Sub-Saharan Africa. The cardinal concerns are Consumer Banking ( chiefly recognition cards, mortgages, personal loans, and wealth direction ) and Sweeping Banking where the bank specializes in the proviso of hard currency direction, trade finance, exchequer and tutelary services. The group has a web of over 740 offices in more than 55 states and assets of about US $ 90 billion. With a presence in Asia and Africa that goes bank about 150 old ages, Standard Chartered has an in-depth apprehension of, and a long-run committedness to the emerging markets. MY AIM FOR THIS REPORT The basic purpose of this study is to develop suited policies and schemes for the Bankss, which consequences in the high rate of productiveness and occupation satisfaction, and lowers the rate of absenteeism and bend over. Introduction TO STANDARD CHARTERED Introduction Standard Chartered is a transnational bank, focused on the established and emerging markets of Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Latin America with an extended planetary web of more than 570 offices in over 50 states and assets of about US $ 90 billion, using over 30,000 people. Through their planetary operation they migrate best banking pattern around the universe, presenting world-class merchandises and services in front of local competition. Their clients include private persons through to the largest corporations. The Bank serves both Consumer and Wholesale banking clients The Consumer Bank provides recognition cards, personal loans, mortgages, sedimentation pickings activity and wealth direction services to persons and medium sized concerns. The Wholesale Bank provides services to transnational, regional and domestic corporate and institutional clients in trade finance, hard currency direction, detention, loaning, foreign exchange, involvement rate direction and debt capital mar kets. They are the bank of pick for many major multinationals. With about 150 old ages in the emerging markets the Bank has unmatched cognition and apprehension of its clients in its markets. The three principal concern groups are Global Markets, Consumer Banking and Corporate and Institutional Banking. Aim Standard Chartered Ã¢â¬Ës chief aim is to offer outstanding value to their clients by supplying a knowing, efficient and dependable service in a personal, helpful and antiphonal mode. Cardinal to this service doctrine is their professional consultative attack, which they take with each client. By acquiring to cognize their clients better, they identify their demands and fit them with bespoke quality merchandises and service solutions. To set it merely, they are committed to doing today Ã¢â¬Ës complex fiscal universe easier for their clients. Employee RELATIONSHIP AT STANDARD CHARTERED Employee RELATIONSHIP Standard Chartered Ã¢â¬Ës repute is critical by being the universe Ã¢â¬Ës prima emerging markets bank. The saving and sweetening of that repute depends upon their concerns runing to the highest criterions of ethical behavior. They face a peculiar challenge to continue consistent criterions of behavior while at the same clip esteeming the civilization and varying concern imposts of all the states in which they operate. The rules that govern the behavior of their concern and employees are reflected in a Group Code of Conduct. The Group Code of Conduct is a practical working papers, which guides employees through the many hard behavior issues that confront them on a day-to-day footing. Complying with each component of the Code will non ever be easy but they recognize that they will be judged non merely by what is set out in the Code but on how this is reflected in their twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours activities and the behavior of all of them. The cardinal elements in Group Code of Conduct are: Local Laws A ; Group Standards Confidentiality A ; Data Protection Suitable Merchandises Money Washing Insider Trading Bribery A ; Corruption Gifts A ; Entertainment Conflicts of Interest Covering in Standard Chartered Shares Talking Up Standard Chartered selects its employees on the footing of accomplishments, cognition and endowment. They are committed to supplying equality of chance to all employees, irrespective of sex, race, nationality, age, disablement, cultural beginning, matrimonial position or sexual orientation. They are committed non merely to supplying equality of chance to all employees, but besides placing what alone strengths each single brings to the functions they carry out and the development of these strengths. They provide their employees with Opportunities to develop in their current functions, move into new functions and work in different locations and concerns. Role vacancies are advertised internally. They recruit the most gifted persons from the external market to supplement their internal grapevine of endowment. They have besides created planetary endowment direction and sequence planning processes to assist develop their high possible employees. Their Human Resources section provides counsel on the usage of psychometric trials and has robust enlisting standards to guarantee that all campaigners are treated reasonably, every bit and with regard. Standard Chartered has a planetary Graduate Recruitment Programme ; where in the part of 150 alumnuss are recruited each twelvemonth on a direction trainee programme across all concerns, maps and states. When staff start their employment, they are issued with an offer missive which clearly states their footings and conditions of service. All new staff goes through an initiation procedure. Each state has Human Resources policies and processs to assist and steer directors. Examples of these would be disciplinary and grudge processs. These guarantee that staffs are treated reasonably in times of difference. The planetary codification of behavior provides counsel to staff on what are acceptable criterions of behavior. You read "Behind the success of every organization there is a hand of its employees." in category "Essay examples" EMPLOYEE Ã¢â¬â Employer ISSUES AT EMPLOYEE Ã¢â¬â Employer ISSUES AT STANDARD CHARTERED AND ASKARI COMMERCIAL BANK ISSUES AT HUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT ISSUE # 1: Supplying equality of chance to all employees STRATEGY IMPLEMENTED BY STANDARD CHARTERED: Standard Chartered selects employees based on cognition, accomplishments and endowment. They are committed to supply equality of chance to all employees, irrespective of sex, race, nationality, age, disablement, cultural beginning, matrimonial position or sexual orientation. They are committed non merely to supplying equality of chance to all employees, but besides placing what alone strengths each single brings to the functions they carry out and the development of these strengths. They provide their employees with chances to develop in their current functions, move into new functions and work in different locations and concerns. Role vacancies are advertised internally. Suggestion: No Biased Policy: There is no colored policy or favoritism among employees. All the employees should be given same chances based on their public presentation and ability. This increases the degree of motive among employees. Delegating Undertakings: By delegating different undertakings to different employees, harmonizing to their ability and place, at the terminal of every twelvemonth, which should ensue as a calling, promotion will do the employees more cognizant of their abilities and public presentation. This will take to the equality of chances, as all the employees will come to cognize about their abilities and where they stand. ISSUE # 2: Motivation degree of employees STRATEGY IMPLEMENTED BY STANDARD CHARTERED: Standard Chartered follows a specific motive procedure for their employees. In this procedure, they evaluate the public presentation of each employee at the terminal of twelvemonth and rate the as: Outstanding: Those employees who have performed highly good, even more than they were required to. They are rewarded through Awards and publicities at the terminal of twelvemonth. Co bookworm: Those employees who have performed efficient work and little more than they were required to. They are rewarded through pecuniary wagess and benefits. Competent: Those employees who have performed their responsibilities harmonizing to the demands non more or less than it. They are normally motivated to work more difficult through word of oral cavity assessments such as Ã¢â¬Å"well doneÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"keep it upÃ¢â¬ and etc. Suggestion: Management By Objectives ( MBO ) : Employees can besides be motivated through MBO. Management by aims ( MBO ) is a plan that emphasizes participative on puting ends that are touchable, verifiable and mensurable. Four ingredients are common in MBO plans ; end specificity, participative decision-making, an expressed clip period and public presentation feedback. Execution of these ingredients consequences in employee motive. Behaviour Modification Model or OB MOD: OB MOD is plans where directors identify public presentation related employee behaviors and so implement an intercession scheme to beef up desirable public presentation behaviors and weaken unwanted behaviors. The first measure in OB MOD, hence, is to place the critical behavior that make a important impact on employee Ã¢â¬Ës occupation public presentation. The 2nd measure requires the director to develop some baseline public presentation informations. The 3rd measure is to execute a functional analysis to place the behavioral eventualities or effects of public presentation. The concluding measure in OB MOD is to measure public presentation betterment. Employee Engagement: Employee engagement is a participative procedure that uses the full capacity of employees and is designed to promote increased committedness to the organisations success. The implicit in logic is that by affecting workers in those determinations that affect so and by increasing their liberty and control over their work lives, employees will go more motivated, more committed to the organisation, more productive and more satisfied with their occupations. Participative Management: A procedure where subordinates portion a important grade of decision-making power with their immediate higher-ups. Representative Management: A procedure in which workers participate in organisational determination doing through a little group of representative employees. Quality Circles: A work group of eight to ten employees and supervisors who have shared country of duty. They meet on a regular basis typically one time a hebdomad, on company clip and on company premises Ã¢â¬â to discourse their quality jobs, investigate causes of jobs, urge solutions, and take disciplinary actions. Employee Stock Ownership Plans: Employee stock ownership programs are company-established benefit programs in which employees get stock as portion of their benefits. ISSUE # 3: Effective communicating procedure STRATEGY IMPLEMENTED BY STANDARD CHARTERED: At Standard Chartered when staff start their employment, they are issued with an offer missive which clearly states their footings and conditions of service. All new staff goes through an initiation procedure. Each state has Human Resources policies and processs to assist and steer directors. Examples of these would be disciplinary and grudge processs. These guarantee that staffs are treated reasonably in times of difference. The planetary codification of behavior provides counsel to staff on what are acceptable criterions of behavior. Suggestion: The CEO Must be Committed To The Importance Of Communication: The most important factor in a successful employee-communications plan is the main executives leading. He or She must be philosophically and behaviourally committed to the impression that pass oning with employees is indispensable to the accomplishment of ends. If the organisations senior executive is committed to communication through his or her words and actions, it trickles down to the remainder of organisation. Directors Match Actions and Wordss: Closely related to CEO support is managerial action. As we have noted, action speaks louder than words. When the implicit messages that directors send contradict the official messages as conveyed in formal communications, the directors lose credibleness to employees. Employees will listen to what direction has to state sing alterations being made and where the company is traveling. But duplicate actions must endorse these words. ISSUE # 4: Learning and development STRATEGY IMPLEMENTED BY STANDARD CHARTERED: As a first organisation, Standard Chartered recognizes that it is indispensable to hold the best people equipped with the right accomplishments and cognition to execute their functions to the highest criterions. They want gifted professionals, who seek self-development chances including go oning professional development. In return they offer first-class preparation and development. Standard Chartered has a planetary Graduate Recruitment Programme ; where in the part of 150 alumnuss are recruited each twelvemonth on a direction trainee programme across all concerns, maps and states. They focus development on where they believe they will acquire the greatest return, by developing employees Ã¢â¬Ë strengths. They utilize a full portfolio of larning resource such as in house programmes, external suppliers, on the occupation preparation and computer-based preparation. They sponsor employees for professional makings on a portion clip footing, every bit good as in their ain clip. They have Learning Resource Centres in major locations. Other Centres are being developed and will supply employees with the chance to update their accomplishments on assorted package bundles use the Intranet, the Internet and derive entree to books. Suggestion: Developing Training Plan: Its estimated that more than 90 per centum of all organisations have some type of systematic preparation plan but those can merely be effectual if they offer a theoretical account to catch the trainees attending ; provide motivational belongingss ; assist the trainee file off what he or she has learned for subsequently usage ; provide chances to pattern new behaviors ; offer positive wagess for achievements and if the preparation has taken topographic point off the occupation, let the trainee some chance to reassign what he or she has learned to the occupation. How to cite Behind the success of every organization there is a hand of its employees., Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Juvenile Justice System vs. Adult Justice System an Example of the Topic Government and Law Essays by
Juvenile Justice System vs. Adult Justice System by Expert Tutor Maya | 22 Dec 2016 Juvenile delinquency has been a growing complicated issue around the world. Thus, a clearer view and understanding of juvenile delinquency is necessary to put an end to this problem among youth. Today, many developing countries take time to develop solutions and programs to resolve it. Well-developed countries also engage themselves in programs the aim of which is to prevent juvenile crimes. Need essay sample on "Juvenile Justice System vs. Adult Justice System" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed People Very Often Tell EssayLab writers: How much do I have to pay someone to write my paper? Specialists propose: Academic Papers For Students Definition and Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile delinquency is a legal term for behavior of children and adolescents that adults would be judged criminal under law. It varies between the age of 14 to 21 (Juvenile, 2007). Juvenile delinquency is often committed by an inpidual between the age of 12 and 20. This covers various violations against legal and social norms. Most common cases of juvenile delinquency involve rape, robbery, and theft, most of which are group crimes. This is because adolescence is the period when a person starts to have his own circle of friends and be involved in group activities to feel a sense of belongingness. The United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency asserts that: youthful behavior or conduct that does not conform to overall social norms and values is often part of the maturation and growth process and tends to disappear spontaneously in most inpiduals with the transition to adulthood; a great majority of young people commit some kind of petty offense at some point during their adolescence without this turning into a criminal career in the long term (The Riyadh Guide, 1990). The transition from childhood to adolescence is determined by certain factors when it comes to relationship. The youth of today tend to become too aggressive towards the environment and the people they interact with. All are subject to risks regardless of gender, age, or social origin. However, during this stage of development, the criminal personality may start to develop, which can lead to delinquent behavior and commitment of crimes. Creation of the Juvenile Justice System In the United States, the first juvenile justice system was drafted during the Age of Enlightenment, sometime during the late 1800s. It was created in response to the growing problem regarding the youth offenders (Age of Enlightenment, 2006). After the idea was introduced, the juvenile justice system underwent many reforms. It was established as a separate system from the adult justice system. They have similarities and differences that made controversies in treating juvenile and adult offenders. Current Trend of Juvenile Justice System A series of juvenile justice systems have been implemented in countries worldwide in order to discipline the youth the way adult criminals are given punishment according to the governing laws of the country. The juvenile justice system is different from the adult criminal justice system in many ways. There are lighter provisions and penalties for a youth offender. There are certain constitutional rights for a criminal defendant available to an adult offender that may not be available for a juvenile offender. There are also different procedures for a juvenile trial based on court procedures. Juvenile probation officers are vital in every case of juvenile delinquency activities. In most systems, once a juvenile offender is found guilty of a certain act, there is a rehabilitation process and disciplinary measures provided. Difference of Juvenile and Adult Justice System One the main differences of the juvenile justice system and adult justice system is that the juvenile offender is branded as a status offender. Calderon (2006) defines a status offender as someone charged with an offense that would not be a crime if committed by an adult (Calderon, 2006). For instance, drinking alcoholic beverages while under the legal drinking age is a violation that covers only the underage. Thus, this status offense is included in the juvenile justice system. These laws that are aimed at preventing status offenses are a conscientious of society in preventing future harm to children and the community[;] [they are] not just for disciplinary actions (Calderon, 2006). As a status offender, the laws of the juvenile justice system have the authority to issue warning, citations, and referrals to the offender. These status offenses are considered as driving factors for them to grow as adult criminals. In order to discipline the juvenile offender, community-based treatment programs and prohibiting incarceration [have] been the known practice. Arrests can occur but long-term incarceration is not practiced. In certain cases, detention is needed for further processing (Calderon, 2006). Another difference of the juvenile justice system and the adult criminal justice system lies on the role of the law enforcement officials. For the adult justice system, the arrest and investigation process are prioritized. However, for the juvenile justice process, the law enforcers are the ones who govern the youth offenders as they perform social service duties. This paves the way for the great change in the lives of the young criminals. There is also a difference in the arrest process. Compared to the juvenile justice system, the adult criminal justice system is more serious and aggressive (Juszkiewicz, 2006). Constitutional Rights of Adult Offenders After the arrest process, the hearing process takes place. There is no bail system for juvenile criminals unlike the adult criminals. The juvenile court will decide if the child will remain under his or her parents custody or he or she will be detained in a certain custody agreed upon by the court. Siegal (2002) reports that most [of the] States refuse juveniles the right to bail. Non-participating States argue that juvenile proceedings are civil, not criminal, and that detention is rehabilitative, not punitive (p. 320). Moreover, they argue that juveniles do not need a constitutional right to bail because statutory provisions allow children to be released into parental custody (Siegal, 2002, p. 320). In adult cases, the bailing process is applicable. Juvenile Court Procedure During the indictment process, there is a similarity to both juvenile and adult justice system. The jurisdictional hearing for juveniles and adult criminals are held within 15 days. For juvenile offenders, hearing days are extended up to 30 days if they are not in custody. However, despite the speedy right to trial, adult criminal proceedings can take up much longer time due to many factors: change of venue, new motion for new evidence as well as many other factors (Calderon, 2006). The juvenile court hearing is more private than the adult hearing, so as not to make it traumatizing for the young offender. After all, the main goal of juvenile justice system is not to condemn the youth but to discipline and rehabilitate them. Social workers or juvenile justice officers are responsible in giving detention to the offenders and put them in certain institutions and rehabilitations that will help them enhance their way of livings. They are also encouraged to continue their studies and are educated about the moral behavior to be observed. Separating the Juvenile Justice System Personally, I believe that there should be a separate system between the juvenile and adult justice system. One great problem in other countries is that youth offenders are mixed with adult criminals in jails. This is because their government lacks the necessary fund to provide a separate cell for detained juveniles. Almost all experts agree that placing children under the age of 18 in any type of jail facility should be prohibited because youngsters can easily be victimized by other inmates and staff, be forced to live in squalid conditions, and be subject to physical and sexual abuse (Siegal, 2002, p. 320). There is a high risk of juvenile to be victimized by adult criminals either physically or sexually abused.> References Age of Enlightenment. (2006). WNEC Faculty Homepages. Retrieved February 11, 2008 Calderon, M. (2006). A reflective comparison of the juvenile criminal justice system v. the adult criminal justice system. Retrieved February 11, 2008 from: http://www.anairhoads.org/calderon/juvadult.shtml Juszkiewicz, J. (2006). Youth crime/adult time: is justice served? Building Blocks of Youth. Retrieved February 11, 2008 from: http://www.buildingblocksforyouth.org/ycat/ycat.html Juvenile delinquency (2007). The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Retrieved February 11, 2008 from: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-juvenil-d.html Siegal, L. (2002). Juvenile Delinquency: The Core, 318-325. United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (1990). The Riyadh Guidelines. Retrieved February 11, 2008 from: http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/h_comp47.htm.
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Comparison of Lamb to the Slaughter and The Speckled Band Essay Example Comparison of Lamb to the Slaughter and The Speckled Band Paper Comparison of Lamb to the Slaughter and The Speckled Band Paper Essay Topic: Literature In this essay I am going to compare the similarities and differences in The Speckled Band and Lamb To The slaughter. I will focus on key points of murder mysteries such as; the plot, characterisation, setting, and how the author creates suspense for the reader. Typical ingredients of a murder mystery is that theres the murder, the murderer, the victim, suspects, detectives and or police men, clues; some of these will maybe be red herrings to try and throw the view off the scent, and the motive. One of the short stories I am comparing is The Speckled Band; this was written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and was published in 1892. A brief synopsis of the story is that the female protagonist (Helen Stoner) sister (Julia Stoner) has died is suspicious circumstances with no clues left. The main suspect is her step father (Dr Roylott) who is trying to inherit the money left to the by their mother. Sherlock Holmes is hired to investigate. The other story is Lamb to the Slaughter; this was written by Roald Dahl and published in 1954. A brief synopsis of the story is that the female protagonist (Mary Maloney) being the stereotypical housewife, and waiting for her husband (Patrick Maloney) to return. He returns; he has to tell her something tells her and she starts acting strange. She carries on as normal and goes to prepare dinner. She gets the giant leg of lamb and clubs him to death with it. She then makes her alibi whilst the police search for clues. Ironically they end up eating the only clue. The Speckled Band being written in 1892 and Lamb to the Slaughter being written in 1954, shows that the difference in dates written makes a difference for the choices made by both the authors. For example Lamb to the Slaughter; has a female killer instead of a male killer which there would have been in 1892 in The Speckled Band. Also Lamb to the Slaughter doesnt use old fashioned English as The Speckled Band does. In Lamb to the Slaughter the story starts out as Mary being the victim as we presume that her husband has told her that he is leaving her and her unborn child, we see Patrick as the villain in this part. In The Speckled Band we know straight away who is portrayed as the villain, Dr Roylott. In Lamb to the Slaughter we are told that it is set in a warm, homely, modern household. The room was warm and clean, the curtains drawn, the two table lamps alight- hers and the one by the empty chair opposite. On the sideboard behind her, two tall glasses, soda water, whisky. Fresh ice cubes in the thermos bucket. This also gives the impression that it is a routine performed every day. In The Speckled Band it is set in the 1800s and people travel by train and dog-cart. We know this because Helen Stoner travelled on both of them. I observe the second half of a return ticket in the palm of your left glove. You must have started early, and yet you had a good drive in a dog-cart, along heavy roads, before you reached the station. The setting of the crime in The Speckled Band is stereotypically correct as it is eerie, mysterious old house. This building was of grey, lichen blocked stone. Suspicion is aroused at the murder site, all of the animals roaming around and the gypsies make the reader suspicious that something is going to happen. The villain of The Speckled Band is Dr Roylott. He is described as very tall So tall was he that his hat actually brushed the cross bar of the doorway and is compared to a bird of prey, His deep set, bile shot eyes, and high thin fleshless nose, gave him somewhat the resemblance to a fierce old bird of prey. He is an aggressive man Last week he hurled the local blacksmith over a parapet into a stream. The villain of Lamb to the Slaughter is Mary Maloney. To start with you wouldnt think this as she is presented as a typical loving, caring housewife who would do anything for her husband, she is also six months pregnant. Darling shall I get your slippers? She took his coat and hung it in the closet. Then she walked over and made the drinks. She is not the typical villain of a murder mystery story, but as the story progresses we discover what she is actually capable of. Both the villains are similar in the way that they prepare alibis to get away with their crimes. Dr Roylott used his knowledge of Indian animals, for example the snake he used to kill Julia Stoner with, because he knew the coroner wouldnt be able to trace the poison or spot the fang marks. Mary used her used her position of a loving wife of a detective to manipulate the officers away from the truth, eventually ironically making them eat the murder weapon. She knew what would have happened to her and her child so she needed a way to stop her from going to jail. Both of the murderers are cunning and both have motives. We sympathise more for Mary because Lamb to the Slaughter is written in the third person narrative, so we see the story from her perspective. The story concentrates on Marys feelings, so we never hear Patricks side of the story. In The Speckled Band Watson is narrating so he is biased towards Holmes, again we never hear Dr Roylotts point of view so this makes him be portrayed as selfish unreasonable and aggressive therefore having no sympathy for him. The victim of The Speckled Band is Julia Stoner and Helen Stoner because of all the mental grief and worrying she has done. We know she has been through a lot of stress as it says Her features and figure were those of a woman of thirty, but her hair was shot with premature grey, and her expression was weary and haggard. Both of the women are portrayed as very vulnerable and defenceless. Very typical of the time as there would not have been many male victims. The victim in Lamb to the Slaughter is Patrick Maloney. He comes across as though something is worrying or bothering him. Then we find out he has to tell Mary something which we presume is that hes leaving her. His agitation is shown in short abrupt sentences sit down sit down for just a minute sit down. As he is answering Mary in such a manner, I dont think the readers sympathise with Patrick because he is portrayed as uncaring for presumably leaving Mary and her unborn child. This makes him seem like the villain more than the victim. The detectives of The Speckled Band are Sherlock Holmes and his assistant Dr Watson. Compared to Lamb to the Slaughter Holmes takes a more professional role than the officers in Lamb to the Slaughter. Holmes thinks about his duties as a detective first, always thinks methodically about evidence and facts and he takes every little event and clue into account making him very precise. He often goes out of his way to solve the crimes and uses his knowledge as well. It would be a sharp eyed coroner indeed to distinguish the two dark punctures. He acts very calmly and tries to calm down the other people by being gentle and caring towards them. Soothingly bending forward and patting her forearm. The detectives in Lamb to the Slaughter are Jack Noonan another man known as OMalley and other officers who are not named. These detectives are close to Mary and Patrick because of Patricks job. This means they start comforting Mary not for one minute believing that she could of commit such a crime. This is very unprofessional compared to Holmes in The Speckled Band. They let social lives take priority, one by one the others came in and were persuaded to take a little nip of whisky, this being unprofessional like because they shouldnt drink on the job. The detectives presume that of course the murderer was a man Get the weapon and youve got the man. We done expect the detectives to be acting like this, we expect them to be acting professionally and to take all the clues and evidence into consideration, especially at the end we have the dramatic irony of them eating the murder weapon and OMalley saying to Jack Probably right under our very noses. As a modern audience I think that we would prefer Holmes as the detective as it is a very mysterious crime and the audience are wondering all the way through the story how it is going to be solved. In Lamb to the Slaughter tension is built up gradually. The change of atmosphere contributes towards this and also the change from long complex sentences to short, sharp and abrupt sentences. This helps to create tension and build up suspense; it becomes more dramatic as the pace increases. An example of the slow pace is Then she walked over and made the drinks, a strongish one for him and a weaker one for herself this gives the reader a sense of relaxation and calmness. Then as the pace quickens and the sentences get shorter Ill get it she cried jumping up Sit down he said it becomes tenser and less calm. I think the tension build up is quite sudden because the murder is such a surprise and comes out of the blue; this is because we dont expect Mary to perform such a crime because of her profile at the beginning of the story. In The speckled Band the tension surrounding Julias death is created by creating an expectation of the reader that something will happen. This is quite typical of the period it was written in. The noises in the story are eerie and create suspense that something is going to happen, and also the weather. Storms are considered scary and normally signify that something is going to happen. Some of the verbs used to create suspense are sprang rushed and slowly. Sprang gives the impression that something just suddenly sprang out, Rushed gives the impression that they need to rush what they were doing or something may happen, and Slowly gives an impression that they need to do It slowly or something may happen. The way Julia is described adds to the tension as it creates strong images in your imagination, Dreadfully convulsed Swaying and Terrible pain. The tension building techniques used are more obvious in this story compared to Lamb to the Slaughter because there a lot more details and description about the murder. This captures the readers attention, the sentences are a lot shorter, which increases the pace and builds suspense, and they match the feelings of Helen and Julias characters. The structure of Lamb to the Slaughter focuses on the relationship between Mary and Patrick and her actions towards him. How in a state of shock she committed a crime of passion. Also how she avoids getting caught by getting her alibis and her actions and feelings towards others. This keeps the reader in suspense to see what Mary does next and whether the police will find out what she did, and what will happen to her? In The Speckled Band the focus of the story was how Julia was killed, who? How? Why? What? Where? and When? The reader is in suspense thinking about how Holmes is going to solve the murder. All of these aspects also keep the reader interested and waiting to find out what happened. The reader is kept in suspense during the investigation by all the details and description which adds to the build up of the crime and story and the twists in the story. The reader is in suspense as Holmes puts all the clues and evidence together and then finally he tells how he solved the mystery. In Lamb to the slaughter the story ends with dramatic irony with the police eating the murder weapon, the leg of lamb. At the end Mary also starts to giggle as she realises that she has got away with her crime, or so we are led to believe as that is where the story finishes. The Speckled Band ends with Holmes solving the murder, a complete contrast to Lamb to the Slaughter as that is left unfinished. The ending of Lamb to the Slaughter is left very unclear, with no resolution; we are left feeling uncertain as we do not know what is going to happen to Mary. The Speckled Band on the other hand ends with no unsolved pieces, this is a more traditional ending probably appealing to Victorian audience because he solved the case, beating the evil villain making him the hero and the perfect detective. The ending of lamb to the Slaughter would appeal to a more modern audience because Mary is portrayed as a nice person and has her reasons for murder; she tries to escape jail and the crime of passion. It may not be such a bad thing that Mary may get away with the killing because she is pregnant and was in a state of shock so maybe she didnt know what she was doing. This type of ending leaves it open to your own imagination. In my opinion The Speckled Band was a better story because it had more of a mystery to it, although in Lamb to the Slaughter it was a mystery weather or not Mary would get away with it, I preferred the mystery of the murder trying to be solved. The Speckled Band has more twists of story and more suspense in my opinion. I did like the part in Lamb to the Slaughter when the police ironically ate the murder weapon I think this was very clever. Overall I enjoyed both stories but I preferred The Speckled Band.
Monday, March 2, 2020
12 Crude But Funny South Park Quotes South Park is not for the faint-hearted. It could offend the sensibilities of those who cant handle in-your-face, raucous humor. South Park humor is racist, sexist, chauvinistic, and offensive. Despite the vulgarity, South Park scores high with fans. What Makes South Park Such a Popular Series In the words of some die-hard South Park fans, it is the only intelligent show that takes jabs at hypocrisy and the pretentious world we live in. Be it politics, social structures, or family values, the animated series has something to say about everything. When you look at the world through the eyes of social misfits like Eric Cartman, you see how our beliefs are based on a bunch of misplaced values. South Park Characters Take for instance South Parks most loved (and most obnoxious) character, Eric Cartman. He resembles that kid at school whom everyone loves to hate. He is a narcissistic, foul-mouthed, devious kid who has little regard for society or people. Yet, Eric Cartman is known for his biting truth. Stan and Kyle are best friends, though they often disagree. Stan is a knowledgeable friend, and he often ponders life issues. Kyle is a Jewish boy, who, though proud of his roots, often displays self-doubt. Eric Cartmans anti-Semitic views are targeted to make Kyles life miserable. The whole TV series has profanity galore, with crude language, abusive words, and politically incorrect jokes that are projected as humor. Despite its negative energy, South Park has managed to create waves in viewership. South Parks debauched satire has won many awards, including five Primetime Emmy Awards and a Peabody Award. In 2013, TV Guide ranked South Park the 10th greatest TV cartoon of all time. Crude But Funny South Park QuotesÃ The humor is bizarre and often repugnant, but if you dont mind the politically incorrect language, you will have a wild time. Season 1, Episode 4: Big Gay Als Big Gay Boat Ride:Sportscaster Frank:Ã I havent seen an Englishman take a blow like that since Hugh Grant!Season 1, Episode 7: Pinkeye:Eric Cartman:Ã KennyÃ¢â¬â¢s family is so poor that yesterday, they had to put their cardboard box up for a second mortgage.Season 1, Episode 2: Weight Gain 4000:Wendy: Dude, dolphins are intelligent and friendly!Eric Cartman: Intelligent and friendly on rye bread, with some mayonnaise.Season 5, Episode 11: The Entity:Jewish Kid: Is anyone else having problems concentrating on this? I just cant seem to concentrate.Eric Cartman: Maybe we should send you to a concentration camp.Season 10, Episode 7: Tsst!:Eric Cartman:Ã Ive lost almost 10 pounds now. You see what I mean? I totally know what its like to be a Jew in the Holocaust now.Season 4, Episode 6: Cherokee Hair Tampons:Eric Cartman:Ã Hippies. Theyre everywhere. They wanna save Earth, but all they do is smoke pot and smell bad.Bigger, Longer Uncut:Satan:Ã Without evil there could be no good, so it must be good to be evil sometimes. Season 17, Episode 10: The Hobbit:Stan:Ã There have been malicious rumors started at this elementary school that my beautiful fiancÃ ©e is a Hobbit. That is not funny and it is not true. Yes, she is heavier than most of her pictures show her to be. Yes, she gets her hair lasered off her body and yes, she has a friend named Gandalf, who happens to be a wizard.Season 16, Episode 12: A Nightmare on FaceTime:Eric Cartman:Ã Its Stans stupid Captain America costume, thats what throwing everybody off! Hows people supposed to get that Im the Hulk when Captain America is on freaking FaceTime?Season 1, Episode 4: Big Gay Als Big Gay Boat Ride:Chef:Ã You know what they say: You cant teach a gay dog straight tricks.Season 16, Episode 11: Going Native:Butters:Ã Youre all fake and stuck up, and none of you have the courage to tell Jimmy his jokes arent funny! The only kid here with a sense of dignity is Kenny, and the rest of you have heads up your butts!Season 4, Episode 3: Timmy 2000:MT V Announcer:Ã Youre watching MTV, the cool, brainwashing, 12-year-old-and-younger station that hides behind a slick image. Were so cool that we decide whats cool. And now MTV News. The news that is single-handedly dumbing-down our country, which is cool.
Friday, February 14, 2020
Career develpoment plan part (iii) - Essay Example Here are three basic questions to answer: This gives the current-state analysis of skills, capabilities, and knowledge which each individual employee holds at this point in time. They are then required to jot down the strengths and weaknesses, which they think they carry. Their self assessment is then passed on to functional managers for evaluation based on their observation about each individual. This is more like a starting point for the employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s career, presence of which may un-block potential growth areas. Second question which needs attention is the future-state one seeks to reach, considering the career interest, knowledge, and skills which can be enhanced. It gives a proper direction for pursuing the career one wants to stick to after gaining much experience. Mostly, career counseling or proper mentoring by experts can help in figuring out the place one desires to reach. Lastly, figuring out the gaps between the current-state and the future-state provides structured Action Plan for achieving desired goals. Over here, itÃ¢â¬â¢s very critical to have realistic goals in mind, absence of which can make the efforts go invain. The action plan created acts like a detailed map, consisting of step-by-step measures required to progress. The career map formed by the assessment acts like the initial document for carrying out the Performance Appraisal procedure, along with the Job Description and Job ResponsibilitiesÃ¢â¬â¢ documents provided to employees at the time of induction. At the time of appraisal, which is the basic step for evaluating the progress, appraisal forms (refer to Appendix A) are shared. The yearly, bi-yearly, or quarterly appraisals highlight the strengths, which have been utilized the most; and the areas of improvement of each employee separately. Feedbacks of the appraisals are shared with the employees individually by calling private meeting in a closed room, where concerns can be shared and disagreements can be catered to